I first learned of the 10,000 hour rule — it takes 10,000 hours to get really good at/to truly master any skill –from reading Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell. Then I learned more about how to spend the 10,000 hours in “deliberate practice” from Talent is Overrated by Geoff Colvin.
Here’s more. In Superfreakonomics, Levitt and Dubner refer back to the “father” of the 10,000 hour rule, K. Anders Ericsson. And yesterday, at a lunch gathering, I presented my synopsis of Wooden on Leadership, by the great, legendary, best-ever-coach John Wooden. Though he does not refer to the concept directly, he provided the true “deliberate practice” model, with each session of his practices planned to the minute…
So — here are a few reminders from each of these authors, with brief comment a time or two:
Have a definite practice plan – and follow it.
The coach must never forget that he is, first of all, a teacher. He must come (be present), see (diagnose), and conquer (correct). He must continuously be exploring for ways to improve himself in order that he may improve others and welcome every person and everything that may be helpful to him.
You must have patience and expect more mistakes, but drill and drill to reduce them to a minimum.
The people at the very top don’t work just harder or even much harder than everyone else. They work much, much harder.
In my synopsis of Outliers, I added these reflections:
• centerpiece to this book is the 10,000 hour rule… — with much intentional practice!
• “Practicing: that is, purposefully and single-mindedly playing their instruments with the intent to get better”
• Some “observations:
1. It really does take a lot of hard, hard work – the 10,000 hour rule really is close to an actual rule!
2. Hard work requires much intentional practice.
3. Success is the result of “accumulative advantage.”
There is absolutely no evidence of a ‘fast track’ for high achievers.
Deliberate practice is above all an effort of focus and concentration. This is what makes it “deliberate,” as distinct from the mindless playing of scales or hitting of tennis balls that most people engage in. Continually seeking exactly those elements of performance that are unsatisfactory and then trying one’s hardest to make them better places enormous strains on anyone’s mental abilities.
From Levitt and Dubner:
If you don’t love what you’re doing, you are unlikely to work hard enough to get very good at it.
“Deliberate practice has three key components: setting specific goals; obtaining immediate feedback; and concentrating as much on technique as on outcome.” (K. Anders Ericsson)
(I wrote this in a blog post about Ken Robinson’s The Element: How Finding Your Passion Changes Everything a while back:
So — here is the question that we each need to ask: What do I care deeply enough about that I am willing to put in significant time, over the long haul, to get better at it? Even if the time I put in is not necessarily fun.
So, we’re always back to this challenge — where are you investing your 10,000 hours?